Rawlins is located in Carbon County, one of 23 counties in Wyoming.
- The estimated population in 2009 was 15,271. This was a decrease of 2.35% from the 2008 census.
- In 2009, the per capita personal income in Carbon County was $25,432. This was an increase of 21.1% from 2008. The 2008 figure was 82% of the national per capita income, which was $30,906.
- Rawlins is the county seat.
Parts of the Medicine Bow National Forest, located in Carbon County, offer a wide variety of year-round activities. The valley of the North Platte River in central Carbon County is one of the most productive livestock-raising areas in Wyoming. Wildlife abounds throughout the county and some of the finest fishing spots are just an easy drive away.